After attending the 2014 Columbus World Conference Of Indigenous People, I finally gathered sufficient knowledge about this group, which actually make up more than 350 million people and can be found in around 70 countries in the world. Indigenous people, as well as tribal people, have cultures, customs, institutions, and languages of their own, and these are what tell them apart from the other groups or societies.
Tribal and indigenous peoples have formed own cultures, languages, customs, and institutions, which differentiate them from the rest of the societies across the world. There is no one meaning that can be tagged for tribal or indigenous peoples, but a past convention describes it further by assigning subjective and objective criteria when determining the type of people concerned.
Subjectively, the indigenous people identify themselves as being a part of an indigenous group, while the tribal people identify themselves as being in a tribal group. Objectively, they have social, economic, and social aspects that distinguish them from the other parts of the community. The indigenous people, on the other hand, believe that they come from ancestors who lived in a specific country or region at the time of its colonization, defeat of their people, and the creation of the present state rules and provisions.
Tribal or indigenous peoples are frequently known according to their national terms, like natives, adivasi, janajati, hill tribes, or hunter-gatherers. The above-mentioned convention also used tribal and indigenous peoples to describe two groups with the same rights, regulations, and designations. For instance, in Latin America, the word ‘tribal’ has been assigned to specific afro-descendent communities.
Abdul, a gerontologist who resides in the United States, claims to be among the indigenous people and also a tribal member. According to him, these two words are not interchangeable, contrary to what most essays and books say. He states that he considers himself indigenous due to his bloodline and ancestry, which is Native American. Not all indigenous members are tribal members because most of them choose not to be identified to a tribe for personal reasons.