We know that indigenous relate to the origin. It is where we describe natural habitants that initially reside in an area. It could be a plant, animals, and people. But for other people who do not seem to care and understand, the word indigenous connotes a different meaning to them. That is especially when describing aboriginal groups. These are native people that society views as undeveloped, uneducated, and unpredictable sectors of the world.
The Indigenous Life
A lot of us know that indigenous people are culturally and ethnically different from others. They have this historical distinctiveness where they set-apart lives in manners that we sometimes do not understand. They have this preserved traditional ways of living that most people will no longer be able to adapt. These people rely on historical subsistence where they live their lives through hunting and horticultural techniques. Predominantly, they are a non-urbanized society. However, not all indigenous people are the same. Some indigenous communities get settled in a given location that allows them to experience a well-accepted way of living. Sometimes, some of them exhibit a nomadic lifestyle but are generally associated with specific traditions that they entirely depend on. Yes, these aboriginal groups retain their distinct social, cultural, political, economic characteristics, but it does not ensure them away from the judgment and attention from the dominating parts of society. With that, they get considered weak and vulnerable.
Their uniqueness often gets vulnerable to political domination as well as colonization from the population’s brutal ways. These include exploitation, oppression, discrimination, marginalization, forced assimilation, and genocide. Indigenous people are often the subject of research and experiments for social and psychological studies too.
Indigenous people face threats on their environment, sovereignty, and access to natural resources. That is because there is an assimilative colonial policy that hinders them from living with their lifestyle. That is precisely in the process of deforestation and hunting. Specific world policies somehow stop them from living the only life they know how to handle. With that, an issue related to their rights and benefits is an ongoing issue until now.
Meanwhile, under International Law, the rights of indigenous people have been set forth by international organizations. These include The United Nations, World Bank, and the International Labor Organization. The declaration is about the guidance that state nationals should follow about indigenous people’s rights. These include respect to the aboriginals’ culture, language, and identity. The international union also emphasizes on providing indigenous people the access to natural resources, proper health care, employment, as well as better education.
The government and the world may intentionally show everyone that indigenous people receive treatment the way they should. However, most of them are not. A lot of these aboriginals still face issues concerning their rights, and that is something one should focus on. The battle of giving the indigenous people their rights is still under development. Yes, some people already started fighting for them, but the guarantee of obtaining balanced judgment is still in a blurry state.